Why is Graphite Soft and Slippery?
If you want to know “Why is Graphite Soft and Slippery” you came to the right place, Today I will tell you what exactly makes graphite soft and slippery in a straightforward and easy manner.
What makes Graphite Soft and Slippery
Graphite is an allotrope of carbon. Allotropes are variations of an element with unique physical and chemical characteristics.
The word “graphite” comes from the Greek word “grapho,” meaning “to write.” Graphite is the softest mineral on Earth and is also one of the most slippery materials.
It has a Mohs hardness of 1 meaning it can be easily scratched by a fingernail. The main thing that makes graphite soft and slippery is its “structure”.
Graphite is made up of layers of carbon atoms that are arranged in a hexagonal lattice.
These layers can slide over each other which is why graphite is so soft. The fact that the layers can slide over each other also makes graphite slippery.
This combination of properties makes graphite an ideal material for use in applications where low friction is desired such as in lubricants and pencil lead.
Also Read: Why Does Graphite Conduct Electricity?
Why is Diamond Hard but Graphite Soft?
The main difference between diamond and graphite is in their crystal structure.
Diamond is composed of a series of carbon atoms arranged in a tetrahedral lattice while graphite consists of sheets of carbon atoms arranged in hexagonal arrays.
This structural difference is responsible for the different properties of the two materials.
Diamond is much harder than graphite because the bonds between the carbon atoms in diamond are much stronger than the bonds between the carbon atoms in graphite.
Graphite is soft because the layers of carbon atoms can slide past each other easily allowing it to be scratched or rubbed off.
Why does Graphite Conduct Electricity?
Due to the significant amount of free electrons present, graphite conducts electricity well.
These free electrons are not attached to any particular atom and so they are able to move freely throughout the graphite lattice. When an electric field is applied to graphite these free electrons will flow in the direction of the field allowing an electric current to flow.
Properties of Graphite
Graphite is a material that is used in a variety of applications.
It is an allotrope of carbon and its structure is a layer cake of graphene sheets.
Graphite has a high melting point and is chemically inert and it is a good conductor of electricity.
These properties make graphite useful in many different applications including as a lubricant in batteries and in fuel cells.
All of These properties serve different roles in different things, I have also mentioned these in the above content.
So That’s it from our side, I hope that you have correctly understood “Why is Graphite Soft and Slippery” if want any further information or have any doubts, you can ask them in the comment section!
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